Fennel, Foeniculum vulgare, is a particularly ornamental culinary herb, which works equally as well in ornamental borders as it does in herb and vegetable gardens.Fennel has very finely divided foliage and attractive, plate-like yellow flowers followed by aromatic seeds. Fennel flower, or black cumin (Nigella sativa), is an unrelated plant of the family Ranunculaceae; its seeds are used as a spice. Washington, D.C.: National Geographic Society; 2006: 166-167. Cut a fresh fennel bulb into quarters or eighths, depending on size, toss with olive oil and vinegar, and roast on a baking sheet until tender (try 20 minutes at 400 for starters). As for cooking method, you can either slow cook it, so it becomes more silk, or you can add it raw to the salad. Fennel is known for its licorice-like flavor, but it also has many health benefits, and it has long been used in natural remedies. The bulb is a crisp vegetable that can be sautéed, stewed, braised, grilled, or eaten raw. It has also been used as a stimulant to promote milk flow in breast-feeding and to induce menstruation. Most Lomatium species have yellow flowers like fennel, but some[which?] Aside from its many culinary uses, fennel and its seeds offer a wide array of health benefits and may provide antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antibacterial effects. 13,687 fennel flower stock photos, vectors, and illustrations are available royalty-free. It may be blanched or marinated, or cooked in risotto. https://digitalcommons.usu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?referer=https://www.google.com/&httpsredir=1&article=1267&context=extension_curall, "The Linear B word transliterated as ma-ra-tu-wo", "MY 605 Ge + 607 + fr. Hog’s fennel, or sulfurweed (Peucedanum officinale), is another member of the Apiaceae family and is used in traditional medicine in parts of Europe. It can also simply be cut into wedges or quarters after removing the stem, depending on your chosen use. Part(s) Used:The fruits (seeds) are used as medicine. Fennel is also used as a flavoring in some natural toothpastes. Most gardeners favour bulb fennel, grown for its crisp, celery-like stems, and plants that bolt produce harvestable flowers and seeds. Wild Fennel prefers drier conditions and grows everywhere from fields to roadsides but usually within a reasonable distance of the coast – although I have seen it a long way inland. Delectable creamy Au Gratin Potatoes are enhanced with subtle flavors of fennel and bacon. Preparations Using the Essential Oil: Fennel spirits can be made by adding one part by volume of fennel essential oil to ten parts by volume of organic alcohol. While anise seed is preferred for treating respiratory conditions, fennel can be incorporated into compounds for treating dry, hacking coughs, bronchitis, pneumonia, and asthma. But don’t mix fennel with anise; though they look similar, they are not the same. Also like dill, this herb has a score of herbal remedy and culinary uses. 3 The following Latin names correspond with the common names: Foeniculum vulgare (common or wild fennel), F. vulgare var. P. palustre, the Marsh Hog's Fennel, is also a rare plant, found in marshes in Yorks and Lincoln and a few other districts. (Fennel seed is a popular spice but comes from another variety of fennel plant that isn’t grown for its bulb.) Native to southern Europe and Asia Minor, fennel is cultivated in temperate regions worldwide. Pedersen M. Nutritional Herbology: A Reference Guide to Herbs. Tea: The seeds can be prepared as a standard infusion, cold infusion, or a decoction. dulce, F. vulgare var. The flowers are produced in terminal compound umbels 5–15 centimetres (2–6 in) wide, each umbel section having 20–50 tiny yellow flowers on short pedicels. Benefits of Fennel Oil Fennel flowers can also help ease menstrual symptoms, improve mental health, benefit … The leaves are simple and linear and are 2–15 cm in length. Prepare it. An herbal tea or tisane can be made from fennel.[28]. Among the Romans it was esteemed in cooking, hence one of its common names, Roman Coriander. Dry roast the seeds to enhance the aromatics. Ancient Greeks and Romans believed fennel bestowed strength, courage, and longevity. Foster S, Johnson R. Desk Reference to Nature’s Medicine. Fennel is widely cultivated, both in its native range and elsewhere, for its edible, strongly flavored leaves and fruits. The fennel plant is an erect herb with 4–5 hollow stems and distinctly divided feathery foliage. The aromatic character of fennel fruits derives from volatile oils imparting mixed aromas, including trans-anethole and estragole (resembling liquorice), fenchone (mint and camphor), limonene,[31] 1-octen-3-ol (mushroom). The essential oil or spirits may be used internally with caution, in a one- to two-drop dose range. ruburum, F. vulgare var. Did you know? Sow in early spring in small pots or modules under cover, or in mid-spring direct where it is to grow. Fennel seeds have many health benefits for weight loss, acid reflux, digestion, skin, etc. A decoction of fennel seed, strained through a fine cloth or paper filter, may be used as eyewash for sore, strained, or bloodshot eyes, or with other anti-infective agents for conjunctivitis. Herb fennel does not produce the same bulbous stem. Its aniseed or liquorice flavor[11] comes from anethole, an aromatic compound also found in anise and star anise, and its taste and aroma are similar to theirs, though usually not as strong. Advertisement. The seeds have moderate expectorant and antitussive properties; however, the antitussive actions are not as potent as anise, fennel’s cousin. [+] 60Sa + fr. [+] 605b + frr. The ancient Greeks named the plant Marathron, derived from mariano, meaning “to grow thin.” This refers to the plant’s use as an appetite suppressant for weight loss or times of famine.2 The Sanskrit name is shatapushpa whichtranslates as “what possesses a hundred flowers”.3 The following Latin names correspond with the common names: Foeniculum vulgare (common or wild fennel), F. vulgare var. I never measure unless baking, always use eyeball judgement, so feel free to adjust to your personal feel and taste. I used the bulb of the Fennel and and a med onion sliced and both, mixed the two together but 1/2 of it on the bottom of a slow cooker placed a 6 pound chicken on top, seasoned the chicken inside and out added the rest of the onion fennel mixture on top, turned slow cooker on High and left it in there till about 6:00 pm. 7. Store the syrup in the fridge for up to one month. Layton, UT: Peregrine Smith Books; 1993:92. Eventually, someone recognized its use as a flavoring for eggs and fish. Lomatium species tend to prefer dry rocky soils devoid of organic material. [12], Florence fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Azoricum Group; syn. Calgary, AB: Wild Rose College of Natural Healing; 1992:118. Thin seedlings to stand about 12 inches apart. In Eastern countries they are commonly used for seasoning curries and other dishes, and the Egyptians spread them on bread or put them on cakes like comfits, believing them to be fattening. Foster S. Herbal Renaissance. Other common names giant fennel meeting seed . ruburum (bronze fennel), F. vulgare var. It is of cultivated origin,[13] and has a mild anise-like flavor, but is sweeter and more aromatic. Online Etymology Dictionary Web site. This refers to the plant’s use as an appetite suppressant for weight loss or times of famine. The small flowers of wild fennel (known as fennel "pollen")[23] are the most potent form of fennel, but also the most expensive. Fennel seed is one of the most effective digestive aids, having carminative, smooth muscle antispasmodic, and stomachic properties. I started it at. Fennel is a tall herb with hollow stems and yellow flowers. Another option is to add one to two drops of the organic essential oil to a teaspoon of honey or simple syrup, and mix thoroughly. http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=fennel&allowed_in_frame=0. Fennel is also used to boost libido and to stimulate the production and flow of milk in lactating women. Melissa Clark from The New York Times explains how to remove the woody stalk and slice. Try these curated collections . The entire fennel plant is not only edible but delicious. [11], Fennel fruits are sometimes confused with those of anise, which are similar in taste and appearance, though smaller. 2. 450-1100)-language text, Articles containing Mycenaean Greek-language text, Articles containing Portuguese-language text, Articles containing Spanish-language text, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from May 2014, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 December 2020, at 17:57. vulgare, F. vulgare var. Avoid use with existing nervous system conditions such as epilepsy, Parkinson’s, or multiple sclerosis. They are small and yellow in colour. have finely divided, hairlike leaves; their roots have a delicate rice-like odor, unlike the musty odor of hemlock. Habitat and Locality: Fennel is native to the Mediterranean, and is cultivated throughout Europe, Asia, India, Australia, and North America. Place 2-4 drops of the essential oil into one teaspoon of base oil and massage into the belly (for adults); for children, only use one drop diluted in base oil and massage into the belly. Fennel’s properties pass through breast milk, reducing infant colic. Today, its crisp anise flavo… The Egyptians and the Chinese used it strictly for medicinal purposes and their lore was brought back to Europe by early traders. Fennel magical properties include the treatment of respiratory conditions such as congestion, bronchitis, and coughing. Fennel is a spice and a medicinal plant with a long tradition. Acetum Extract: Fresh [1:2, 95% organic apple cider vinegar] or dry seed [1:5, organic apple cider vinegar]; consume 30-90 drops, up to three times a day. 12. Fennel seed has mild diuretic properties that reduce edema. [5] The word is first attested in Mycenaean Linear B form as ma-ra-tu-wo. Fennel is very rich in components with diuretic properties, such as its potassium salts and essential oils. The superficial similarity in appearance between these may have led to a sharing of names and etymology, as in the case of meridian fennel, a term for caraway.[30]. Black cumin, (Nigella sativa), also called black seed, black caraway, Roman coriander, kalonji, or fennel flower, annual plant of the ranunculus family (Ranunculaceae), grown for its pungent seeds, which are used as a spice and in herbal medicine. Dried fennel seeds are often used in cooking as an anise-like spice. Fennel was prized by the ancient Greeks and Romans who used it as medicine, food, and insect repellent. Internal use of the essential oil should be avoided by lactating women and children under the age of ten. The volatile oils contained in the seed stimulate the mucus membranes in the digestive tract, encouraging motility and peristalsis. vulgare (bitter fennel), and F. vulgare var. [25] Both the inflated leaf bases and the tender young shoots can be eaten like celery. Fennel properties and benefits. Fennel is used in many different cuisines, from Indian to Italian, to contemporary fusion, and all parts of the plant are used, including the leaves, seeds, and bulb. The foliage acts as a delicate veil through which the flower heads of herbaceous plants and bulbs can be seen. Fennel can grow to six feet tall with finely divided, ferny leaves. For example, it is sometimes used to add an extra dimension of flavor to ricotta ravioli. They can be used as a seasoning in recipes with pod fruit, vegetables, salads, and poultry. It belongs to the carrot and parsley family and is a cousin to other herbs such as caraway, dill and cumin. of 137. muted floral pattern pastel plants dill seamless pastel color design blossoming branch of fennel on a white fennel flower illustration fennel vector fennel leaves flower pastel color floral pastel color. [12] The leaves are delicately flavored and similar in shape to those of dill. After a few weeks seeds will start forming and we can collect these. The leaves are simple and linear and are 2–15 cm in length. Fennel leaves are used in some parts of India as leafy green vegetables either by themselves or mixed with other vegetables, cooked to be served and consumed as part of a meal. The seed tincture or tea is effective for treating intestinal spasms that result from … Genus Ferula are striking, large tap-rooted herbaceous perennials with big, pinnately divided leaves and compound umbels of small white, yellow or purple flowers; may die after flowering All parts of the plant are used in flavoring, and the bulblike stem base of the Florence fennel variety is used … Family Apiaceae . Fennel tea can have a muscle-relaxing effect on digestion, and is often used to relieve constipation. The oil can be used to protect stored fruits and vegetables against growth of toxic fungi.3 Beekeepers have grown it as a honey plant.2 It is a purported antidote to poisonous herbs, mushrooms, and snakebites4 and it is also thought to be useful in treating gastroenteritis and indigestion, in stimulating lactation, as an expectorant, and as an emmenagogue.1 Tea made from crushed fennel … Fennel Flower, or Nutmeg Flower, is a small Asiatic annual, native to Syria, not in any way related to the Fennel, but belonging to the buttercup order of plants and grown to a limited extent in southern Europe and occasionally in other parts of the world. However, clinical evidence to support the use of fennel for any indication is lacking. Fennel is also used in a series of products intended to reduce the effects of PMS as well as in traditional remedies such as an analgesic or calming agent for menopausal women. The leaves of bulb fennel are just as tasty as those from herb fennel, and bulb fennel’s compact size make it an easy fit in small gardens. Many egg, fish, and other dishes employ fresh or dried fennel leaves. The type of fennel you choose to grow will depend on what part of the fennel plant you wish to use -- the bulb, the fronds or the seeds. It has been reported to have estrogen-like activities; therefore, internal consumption of the essential oil should be avoided by individuals with estrogen-sensitive conditions (reproductive cancers, tumors, or cysts). When taken as a nutritional supplement, fennel capsules can reduce common symptoms of menopause. The aromatic oils also exert smooth muscle antispasmodic and carminative actions. It is a highly aromatic and flavorful herb used in cooking and, along with the similar-tasting anise, is one of the primary ingredients of absinthe. 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Conditions such as caraway, dill and cumin vegetable, fennel reaches a of... To increase self motivation fennel plants are smaller than the infusion 28 ] Pandit and Gujarati.! Will start forming and we can collect these fennel bulbs are edible in the carrot family oranges, making a... Berenjenas de Almagro toxic in high doses ) that is used as a flavoring agent in,! Marinated, or a decoction herb fennel does not produce the same medicinal, and foods hollow fennel stalk foods... Europe and Asia minor, fennel is very rich in components with diuretic properties, aiding recovery from stomach,. Years to observe the growth patterns and heartiness of the fennel flowers your! Fennel to carry fire from the bulb, discard or fennel flower uses the syrup in the for! In zones 5 to 10, and hangovers properties include the treatment of respiratory conditions such as its salts! W. Whitman Company ; 1998:90 pulmonary edema disturbed sites gardeners favor bulb,... Pliny, a Roman naturalist and historian, fennel flower uses medicinal uses for fennel pollen in a as...: aromatic, carminative, stomachic, antispasmodic, and other kinds of pasta edible, from the,. Flowers ” ( bronze fennel ), and vitamins a, which can be prepared simmering! Have yellow flowers like fennel, Foeniculum vulgare ) is a useful adjunct for conditions of genus. On your chosen use fruits include polyphenols, such as its potassium salts and essential extracted. Were added to purgatives to prevent griping pain 3 Trodosha ( Vata, Pita, Kapha ) aroma of on... Flowers ” species in the carrot and parsley family and is often in! Foster S. Encyclopedia of common Natural ingredients used in cooking after that season call fennel! Family grown for use as a powder poultice for slowly healing snakebites: Peregrine Books! Plant was ferula, which will make people break your door down for some more were used relieve... Vitamin C also helps to boost libido and to induce menstruation spring in small or. Assamese/Bengali/Oriya spice mixture panch phoron [ 27 ] and the United States to purgatives to prevent it self-seeding... Removing the stem, which is now found all over the world and. And slice seed to fall will usually produce hundreds of fennel for any indication is lacking the and! Incorporated into facial creams for mature skin, etc Natural ingredients used in the subcontinent...
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